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How To Treat Yeast Infection


How To Treat Yeast Infection

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How To Treat Yeast Infection

How To Treat Yeast Infection

How to Treat Yeast Infection

Yeast infections, caused by the overgrowth of Candida fungus, are prevalent among women, affecting 75% at least once in their lifetime. Characterized by vaginal itching, burning, pain during intercourse, and unusual discharge, yeast infections can be distressing. Fortunately, there are effective treatment options available.

Conventional Treatment

Over-the-Counter Anti-Fungal Medications

For mild to moderate infections, over-the-counter (OTC) anti-fungal medications are widely available. These medications come in various forms, such as:

  • Topical creams, ointments, or suppositories: Applied directly to the vagina, these medications kill the fungus and relieve symptoms. Examples include Monistat, Gyne-Lotrimin, and Canesten.
  • Oral medications: Taken by mouth, these medications target the fungus systemically. Fluconazole (Diflucan) is a commonly prescribed option.

Prescription Medications

In case OTC medications fail to provide relief or for recurrent infections, prescription-strength anti-fungal medications may be prescribed. These include:

  • Boracic acid suppositories: Vaginal suppositories that lower vaginal pH to inhibit Candida growth.
  • Itraconazole (Sporanox): An oral medication that effectively treats severe or persistent infections.

Home Remedies

Along with conventional treatments, home remedies can complement symptom management. These remedies include:

Tea Tree Oil

Tea tree oil possesses anti-fungal properties. It can be diluted with a carrier oil (such as coconut oil) to create a soothing vaginal wash or applied topically to the affected area using a cotton swab.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil contains antiviral and antifungal agents. It can be used as a vaginal lubricant or applied externally to the vagina.


Yogurt contains probiotics, beneficial bacteria that help restore the balance of vaginal flora. It can be applied vaginally or consumed orally.

Hydrogen Peroxide

Diluted hydrogen peroxide can be used as a vaginal douche or sitz bath to reduce inflammation and kill fungus.

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple cider vinegar has antifungal properties. It can be diluted for a vaginal douche or bath.

Prevention Tips

Preventing yeast infections can be achieved through simple measures:

  • Practice good hygiene: Keep the genital area clean and dry. Avoid using harsh soaps or douches.
  • Change underwear regularly: Wear cotton underwear and change them daily.
  • Avoid tight clothing: Wear loose-fitting, breathable clothing to prevent moisture buildup.
  • Control blood sugar: Women with diabetes should manage their blood sugar levels, as high blood sugar can promote yeast growth.
  • Limit antibiotic use: Antibiotics can kill beneficial bacteria, leading to an overgrowth of yeast.
  • Avoid vaginal sprays and scented products: These products can disrupt the vaginal pH and irritate the area.
  • Use condoms during sex: Yeast infections can be transmitted through sexual contact.


1. What are the symptoms of a yeast infection?

  • Vaginal itching, burning, and irritation
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Unusual discharge (thick, white, and clumpy)
  • Redness and swelling of the vagina and labia

2. How is a yeast infection diagnosed?

A healthcare provider will perform a physical exam and may take a sample of vaginal discharge to confirm the presence of Candida fungus.

3. How long does a yeast infection last?

With treatment, most yeast infections resolve within a week. However, some infections may be recurrent or chronic.

4. Can a yeast infection be treated at home?

Mild yeast infections can be treated with over-the-counter anti-fungal medications. However, severe or recurrent infections may require prescription medications.

5. What are the complications of a yeast infection?

If left untreated, a yeast infection can spread to the uterus or other pelvic organs, causing inflammation and pain.

6. Is it safe to have sex with a yeast infection?

Sex with a yeast infection can be painful and transmit the infection to the partner. It is recommended to avoid sexual intercourse until the infection has been treated.

7. Can yeast infections be prevented?

Following the prevention tips mentioned in the article can reduce the risk of developing a yeast infection.

8. When to consult a healthcare provider?

Consult a healthcare provider if:

  • Symptoms persist or worsen despite treatment
  • Infections are recurrent or severe
  • There is a fever or chills
  • You are pregnant or breastfeeding