**How to Find Percentage in Standard American English**

Understanding percentages is a fundamental skill in everyday life, from calculating discounts to understanding survey results. This guide will provide a comprehensive overview of how to find percentages in Standard American English, covering various methods and examples.

**What is Percentage?**

A percentage is a mathematical expression that represents a part of a whole as a fraction of 100. It is denoted by the symbol "%". For example, 50% represents half or 50 out of 100.

**Methods to Find Percentage**

**Method 1: Using the Formula**

The formula for finding percentage is:

`Percentage = (Part / Whole) * 100`

**Example:**

Find the percentage of 25 out of 50.

```
Percentage = (25 / 50) * 100
Percentage = 0.5 * 100
Percentage = 50%
```

**Method 2: Using Proportion**

This method involves setting up a proportion and solving for the unknown percentage:

`Part : Whole :: Percentage : 100`

**Example:**

Find the percentage of 30 out of 75.

```
30 : 75 :: Percentage : 100
Multiplying both sides by 100:
30 * 100 = 75 * Percentage
3000 = 75 * Percentage
Dividing both sides by 75:
Percentage = 40
```

**Method 3: Using the Decimal Equivalent**

Every percentage has a decimal equivalent. To convert a percentage to a decimal, divide it by 100.

**Example:**

Convert 25% to a decimal.

```
Decimal = 25 / 100
Decimal = 0.25
```

**Method 4: Using Technology**

Calculators and spreadsheets can be used to find percentages quickly and easily.

**Finding Percentage of a Quantity**

To find the percentage of a quantity:

`Percentage of Quantity = (Percentage / 100) * Quantity`

**Example:**

Find 15% of $100.

```
Percentage of Quantity = (15 / 100) * $100
Percentage of Quantity = 0.15 * $100
Percentage of Quantity = $15
```

**Solving Percentage Problems**

Percentage problems can take various forms. Here are some common types:

**1. Finding the Part When the Percentage and Whole are Known:**

`Part = (Percentage / 100) * Whole`

**Example:**

Find the part that is 20% of 150.

```
Part = (20 / 100) * 150
Part = 0.2 * 150
Part = 30
```

**2. Finding the Percentage When the Part and Whole are Known:**

`Percentage = (Part / Whole) * 100`

**Example:**

Find the percentage that 25 is out of 100.

```
Percentage = (25 / 100) * 100
Percentage = 0.25 * 100
Percentage = 25%
```

**3. Finding the Whole When the Percentage and Part are Known:**

`Whole = Part / (Percentage / 100)`

**Example:**

Find the whole if 15 is 30% of it.

```
Whole = 15 / (30 / 100)
Whole = 15 / 0.3
Whole = 50
```

**FAQ**

**1. How do I convert a decimal to a percentage?**

Multiply the decimal by 100 and add the "%" symbol.

**Example:**

Convert 0.5 to a percentage.

```
Percentage = 0.5 * 100
Percentage = 50%
```

**2. How do I find the percentage increase or decrease?**

`Percentage Increase/Decrease = (New Value - Original Value) / Original Value * 100`

**Example:**

Find the percentage increase if a population of 1000 grows to 1200.

```
Percentage Increase = (1200 - 1000) / 1000 * 100
Percentage Increase = 0.2 * 100
Percentage Increase = 20%
```

**3. How do I find the discounted price?**

`Discounted Price = Original Price - (Original Price * Discount Percentage / 100)`

**Example:**

Find the discounted price of a product with an original price of $100 and a discount of 20%.

```
Discounted Price = $100 - ($100 * 0.2 / 100)
Discounted Price = $100 - $20
Discounted Price = $80
```

**4. How do I find the markup price?**

`Markup Price = Original Cost + (Original Cost * Markup Percentage / 100)`

**Example:**

Find the markup price of a product with an original cost of $50 and a markup of 30%.

```
Markup Price = $50 + ($50 * 0.3 / 100)
Markup Price = $50 + $15
Markup Price = $65
```

**Conclusion**

Understanding percentages is essential for various aspects of life. By following the methods and examples outlined in this guide, you can confidently calculate percentages in Standard American English. Remember to practice regularly to enhance your comprehension and apply this valuable skill to real-world situations.