How To

How To Clean A Mattress


How To Clean A Mattress

Share this article

How To Clean A Mattress

Mattress Deep Cleaning: A Comprehensive Guide


Mattresses are essential for a comfortable night’s sleep, but they can also harbor dirt, dust, and allergens that can affect our health and well-being. Over time, mattresses can accumulate a significant amount of debris, including dead skin cells, dust mites, pet hair, and bodily fluids. Regular mattress cleaning is crucial to maintain a hygienic sleep environment and prevent potential health issues. This guide will provide you with a comprehensive step-by-step approach to deep cleaning your mattress, using both basic and advanced techniques.

Step 1: Preparation

  • Remove bedding: Strip your mattress of all bedding, including sheets, blankets, pillows, and any mattress topper.
  • Vacuum the mattress: Use a vacuum cleaner with an upholstery attachment to remove loose dirt, dust, and debris from the mattress surface. Pay special attention to crevices and seams.
  • Air the mattress out: If weather permits, take your mattress outside and air it out for several hours to allow any lingering odors to dissipate.

Step 2: Baking Soda Treatment

Baking soda is a natural deodorizer and disinfectant that can effectively neutralize odors and kill bacteria.

  • Apply baking soda: Sprinkle a generous amount of baking soda evenly over the entire mattress surface.
  • Let it sit: Allow the baking soda to absorb odors and bacteria for at least 4 hours, or overnight for optimal results.
  • Vacuum up the baking soda: Thoroughly vacuum up all of the baking soda using the upholstery attachment.

Step 3: Steam Cleaning

Steam cleaning is a highly effective method for deep cleaning mattresses, as it uses high-pressure steam to kill bacteria, remove dust mites, and loosen dirt.

  • Rent or purchase a steam cleaner: If you don’t own a steam cleaner, you can rent one from a hardware store or home improvement center.
  • Fill the steam cleaner with water and detergent: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to fill the steam cleaner with water and add any recommended detergent.
  • Test the steam cleaner on an inconspicuous area: Before cleaning the entire mattress, test the steam cleaner on a small, hidden area to ensure it does not damage the fabric.
  • Steam clean the mattress: Slowly move the steam cleaner head over the entire mattress surface, applying even pressure. Make sure to overlap your strokes to avoid missing any areas.
  • Allow the mattress to dry: Open windows or use a fan to ventilate the room and allow the mattress to dry completely. This may take several hours.

Step 4: Spot Cleaning for Stains

If your mattress has any specific stains, address them using appropriate spot cleaning techniques.

  • Urine stains: For fresh urine stains, blot up as much urine as possible with a clean towel. Apply a solution of equal parts white vinegar and water to the stain and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. Blot the solution away with a clean towel. For old urine stains, you may need to use a commercial enzyme cleaner specifically designed for urine removal.
  • Blood stains: For fresh blood stains, apply cold water to the stain and blot it with a clean towel. Avoid using hot water, as it can set the stain. For dried blood stains, you can try using a solution of equal parts hydrogen peroxide and water. Apply the solution to the stain and let it sit for 10-15 minutes. Blot the solution away with a clean towel.
  • Other stains: For other types of stains, consult specific stain removal guides or seek professional cleaning assistance.

Step 5: Final Touches

  • Vacuum the mattress again: Once the mattress is completely dry, vacuum it again to remove any remaining debris or baking soda residue.
  • Make the bed: Put fresh, clean bedding on your mattress and enjoy a refreshed night’s sleep.

Advanced Mattress Cleaning Techniques

Professional Mattress Cleaning:

Professional mattress cleaning services use specialized equipment and detergents to deep clean and sanitize mattresses. This method is ideal for heavily soiled or infested mattresses, or if you have any specific concerns about allergens or bacteria.

Ultraviolet (UV) Light Disinfection:

UV light disinfection is a highly effective method for killing bacteria and dust mites on mattresses. This method can be performed by a professional cleaning service or using a handheld UV light disinfection device.

Mattress Encasements:

Mattress encasements are protective covers that can be placed over your mattress to prevent allergens, dust mites, and other contaminants from entering. Encasements are especially beneficial for individuals with allergies or asthma.


  • How often should I clean my mattress?

For optimal hygiene, it is recommended to deep clean your mattress every 6-12 months. However, if you have allergies or other health concerns, more frequent cleaning may be necessary.

  • What are the signs of a dirty mattress?

Signs of a dirty mattress include visible stains, odors, and an increase in dust or allergens. You may also notice an increase in sneezing, coughing, or other allergy symptoms after sleeping on your mattress.

  • Can I use bleach to clean my mattress?

Bleach can damage the fabric and foam of your mattress. It is generally not recommended to use bleach as a mattress cleaning solution.

  • Is it safe to sleep on a mattress that has been cleaned with chemicals?

Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions and allow the mattress to dry completely before sleeping on it. Most cleaning solutions are designed to be safe for use on mattresses.

  • How do I prevent my mattress from getting dirty again?

  • Use a mattress protector or encasement to prevent dust and allergens from accumulating.

  • Regularly wash your bedding in hot water to remove dust mites and allergens.

  • Vacuum your bedroom regularly to reduce the amount of dust and debris in the air.

  • Avoid eating or drinking in bed to minimize the risk of spills or stains.


Regular mattress cleaning is essential for maintaining a healthy sleep environment and preventing potential health issues. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can deep clean your mattress effectively and enjoy a refreshed night’s sleep. Remember, a clean mattress is a key component of a healthy and comfortable home.