How To

How To Change A Tire


How To Change A Tire

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How To Change A Tire

How to Safely Change a Flat Tire

Driving is a common part of life for most people, and with that comes the possibility of encountering a flat tire. While it can be a frustrating and inconvenient experience, changing a tire is a relatively simple task that most people can learn to do. By following these steps, you can safely and effectively change a flat tire and get back on the road in no time.

1. Safety First

Before you begin, park your vehicle on a flat, stable surface and engage the parking brake. Turn on your hazard lights to alert other drivers of your situation. If possible, park in a well-lit area.

2. Gather Your Tools

You will need the following tools to change a tire:

  • Spare tire
  • Lug wrench
  • Jack
  • Wheel chocks (optional but recommended)

3. Loosen the Lug Nuts

Using the lug wrench, loosen the lug nuts on the flat tire, but do not remove them completely. Turn the lug wrench counterclockwise to loosen the nuts.

4. Position the Jack

Locate the designated jack points on your vehicle. These points are usually indicated by notches or markings on the frame. Position the jack near the flat tire, making sure it is stable and secure.

5. Raise the Vehicle

Slowly pump the jack to raise the vehicle. Continue pumping until the flat tire is approximately 6 inches off the ground. Do not raise the vehicle any higher than necessary.

6. Remove the Lug Nuts and Flat Tire

Once the vehicle is raised, completely remove the lug nuts by hand. Grip the flat tire firmly and pull it straight toward you to detach it from the wheelbase.

7. Mount the Spare Tire

Lift the spare tire and align it with the wheelbase. Carefully slide the tire onto the bolts and tighten the lug nuts by hand as much as possible.

8. Lower the Vehicle

Slowly lower the jack to bring the vehicle back to the ground. Do not fully lower the vehicle yet.

9. Tighten the Lug Nuts

Using the lug wrench, tighten the lug nuts as much as possible. Be sure to tighten them in a star pattern to ensure even distribution of pressure.

10. Fully Lower the Vehicle

Once the lug nuts are tight, fully lower the vehicle by removing the jack.

11. Double-Check the Lug Nuts

Use the lug wrench to double-check the tightness of the lug nuts. They should be snug but not overtightened.

12. Stow the Flat Tire and Tools

Place the flat tire in the designated storage area in your vehicle. Securely fasten any tools or equipment you used.

13. Check Tire Pressure

As soon as possible, check the tire pressure of the spare tire and adjust it to the recommended level. This information can be found on a sticker inside the driver’s door jamb or in your vehicle’s owner’s manual.

14. Replace the Flat Tire When Possible

A spare tire is designed for temporary use only. As soon as possible, replace the flat tire with a new or repaired tire to ensure optimal safety and performance.


  • How often should I check my tire pressure?

You should check your tire pressure at least once a month, or more frequently if you notice any changes in tire performance or handling.

  • What is the proper torque for tightening lug nuts?

The proper torque for tightening lug nuts varies depending on the vehicle. Refer to your vehicle’s owner’s manual for the recommended torque specifications.

  • Can I change a tire if I have a donut spare?

Yes, you can change a tire with a donut spare, but it is important to note that donut spares are designed for temporary use only. They are smaller and narrower than regular tires and have a limited speed rating.

  • What should I do if I have a flat tire and don’t know how to change it?

If you are unable to change a tire yourself, you can call roadside assistance or have your vehicle towed to a repair shop.

  • How can I prevent flat tires?

Regular tire maintenance is crucial for preventing flat tires. This includes checking tire pressure, rotating tires, and inspecting tires for any punctures or damage.