How to Calculate Percentage Increase: A StepbyStep Guide
Understanding how to calculate percentage increase is crucial in various aspects of life, from finance and economics to science and engineering. It allows us to quantify the change in a quantity over time or in comparison to a baseline. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive guide on how to calculate percentage increase, covering its formula, steps, and realworld applications.
Formula for Percentage Increase
The formula for calculating percentage increase is:
Percentage Increase = ((New Value  Original Value) / Original Value) x 100%
Steps to Calculate Percentage Increase
To calculate the percentage increase, follow these steps:

Identify the New Value and Original Value: Determine the current value and the initial value you are comparing it to. For example, if you want to calculate the percentage increase in sales from $1,000 to $1,200, the new value is $1,200 and the original value is $1,000.

Subtract the Original Value from the New Value: Calculate the difference between the new and original values. In our example, $1,200 – $1,000 = $200.

Divide the Difference by the Original Value: Take the difference obtained in step 2 and divide it by the original value. In our example, $200 / $1,000 = 0.2.

Multiply by 100 to Express as a Percentage: Convert the resulting value from step 3 into a percentage by multiplying it by 100. In our example, 0.2 x 100% = 20%.
Interpretation
The result obtained represents the percentage increase in the quantity. In our example, the sales have increased by 20%. This means that the current value is 20% higher than the original value.
RealWorld Applications
Calculating percentage increase has numerous realworld applications, including:
 Finance: Measuring the return on investments, calculating interest rates, and evaluating stock performance.
 Economics: Tracking inflation rates, GDP growth, and consumer price index changes.
 Science and Engineering: Analyzing data, comparing experimental results, and evaluating efficiency improvements.
 Personal Finances: Monitoring savings growth, budgeting expenses, and optimizing financial strategies.
 Business: Evaluating sales performance, market share changes, and inventory management.
Example Calculations
 Population Growth: If a city’s population increases from 100,000 to 115,000, what is the percentage increase?
 New Value = 115,000
 Original Value = 100,000
 Percentage Increase = ((115,000 – 100,000) / 100,000) x 100%
 Percentage Increase = 15%
 Sales Revenue Increase: If a company’s sales revenue increases from $500,000 to $625,000, what is the percentage increase?
 New Value = $625,000
 Original Value = $500,000
 Percentage Increase = ((625,000 – 500,000) / 500,000) x 100%
 Percentage Increase = 25%
Conclusion
Calculating percentage increase is a valuable skill that allows us to measure the change in a quantity relative to its original value. By following the simple steps outlined in this article, you can confidently determine percentage increases in various contexts, empowering you to make informed decisions and understand the changes occurring around you.
FAQ
Q: How do I calculate percentage increase when the new value is less than the original value?
A: If the new value is less than the original value, the result will be a negative percentage, indicating a decrease.
Q: Is percentage increase the same as percentage growth?
A: Yes, they are the same concept. Percentage growth is another term used to describe the rate of increase in a quantity.
Q: Can I use a calculator to calculate percentage increase?
A: Yes, you can use a calculator to simplify the calculations, especially when dealing with large numbers.
Q: How do I compare percentage increases for different quantities?
A: To compare percentage increases, make sure the quantities are in the same unit of measurement. The percentage increase with the higher absolute value represents the greater increase.