How To

How To Bleach Hair


How To Bleach Hair

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How To Bleach Hair

How To Bleach Hair

How to Bleach Hair: A Comprehensive Guide to Achieving Desired Results

Bleaching hair is a transformative process that involves removing the natural pigment from the hair shaft, allowing you to achieve a lighter, brighter hue. Whether you’re aiming for a subtle change or a dramatic transformation, understanding the bleaching process is essential to ensure successful and healthy results. This comprehensive guide will provide you with step-by-step instructions, tips, and precautions to help you bleach your hair safely and effectively at home.

Understanding the Bleaching Process

Before embarking on the bleaching process, it’s crucial to comprehend the underlying chemistry. Bleach, typically composed of hydrogen peroxide, breaks down melanin, the pigment responsible for your hair’s natural color. The oxidant in the bleach reacts with the melanin molecules, causing them to break down and become soluble in water. This process essentially lifts the color out of your hair, leaving behind a lighter shade.

Materials You’ll Need

To bleach your hair effectively, you’ll need the following materials:

  • Bleach powder (typically mixed with a developer)
  • Developer (comes in different volumes, such as 10, 20, and 30 volume)
  • Mixing bowl and brush
  • Gloves
  • Towels or an old shirt
  • Plastic wrap or shower cap
  • Toner (optional)

Step-by-Step Instructions

  1. Prepare Your Hair: Before bleaching, wash your hair with a clarifying shampoo to remove any product buildup. Do not condition your hair. Avoid bleaching on freshly washed hair, as natural oils provide some protection against damage.

  2. Test the Bleach: Perform a strand test on an inconspicuous part of your hair to check for any allergic reactions or excessive damage. Mix a small amount of bleach and developer according to the manufacturer’s instructions and apply it to the test strand. Wait the recommended processing time and rinse thoroughly. If no adverse reactions occur, you can proceed with bleaching your entire head.

  3. Protect Your Hair: Wear gloves throughout the bleaching process to avoid skin irritation. Cover your clothes with an old shirt or towel to protect them from bleach stains.

  4. Section Your Hair: Divide your hair into manageable sections to ensure even application. Use clips or hair ties to keep the sections separate.

  5. Mix the Bleach: Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to mix the bleach powder and developer. The developer’s volume determines the strength of the bleach. A higher volume will lift more color but can also cause more damage. For most hair types, a 20 volume developer is recommended.

  6. Apply the Bleach: Using a brush, apply the bleach mixture evenly to each section of hair. Avoid getting bleach on your scalp. Start with the roots and work your way to the ends.

  7. Set a Timer: The processing time depends on the strength of the bleach, the desired level of lift, and the condition of your hair. Generally, leave the bleach on for 20-45 minutes, checking periodically to monitor progress.

  8. Rinse Thoroughly: Once the desired level of lift is achieved, rinse your hair thoroughly with lukewarm water until the water runs clear. Do not use shampoo at this stage.

  9. Condition and Tone (Optional): After rinsing, apply a deep conditioning mask to nourish and repair your bleached hair. Toning can help reduce brassy or yellow tones in bleached hair. Use a toner designed specifically for bleached hair.

  10. Follow-Up Care: Bleaching can weaken your hair, so follow-up care is essential. Use color-safe shampoos and conditioners, avoid heat styling tools, and limit chemical treatments.

Tips for Successful Bleaching

  • Start with clean, unconditioned hair.
  • Use a volume developer appropriate for your hair condition and desired lift.
  • Apply the bleach evenly and avoid overlapping.
  • Monitor the processing time closely to prevent over-bleaching.
  • Rinse your hair thoroughly to remove all bleach residue.
  • Condition your hair deeply to restore moisture and strength.
  • Protect your hair from sun exposure and heat damage.


  • Bleaching can damage your hair, especially if done frequently or incorrectly.
  • Always perform a strand test before bleaching your entire head.
  • Do not bleach if your hair has been chemically treated or damaged.
  • If you have sensitive skin, use a developer with a lower volume.
  • Avoid getting bleach in your eyes or on your scalp.
  • If you experience any irritation or discomfort, rinse off the bleach immediately and consult a hairstylist.

FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Q: What volume developer should I use?

A: The appropriate developer volume depends on your hair type and desired lift. For most hair types, a 20 volume developer is recommended.

Q: How often can I bleach my hair?

A: To minimize damage, it’s best to wait at least 6-8 weeks between bleach treatments.

Q: Can I bleach my hair at home?

A: Yes, you can bleach your hair at home if you follow the instructions carefully and take necessary precautions. However, if you have concerns, it’s advisable to consult a professional hairstylist.

Q: How can I prevent my hair from turning orange or yellow after bleaching?

A: Use a toner specifically designed for bleached hair to neutralize unwanted tones.

Q: What if my hair is damaged after bleaching?

A: Follow-up care is crucial for damaged hair. Use deep conditioners, avoid heat styling, and limit chemical treatments.


Bleaching hair can be a rewarding experience, allowing you to transform your look and achieve the desired shade. By understanding the process, selecting the right materials, and following the step-by-step instructions outlined in this guide, you can bleach your hair at home safely and effectively. Remember to prioritize hair health by taking precautions and practicing proper aftercare. With patience and care, you can achieve your desired bleached hair color while maintaining the integrity and vitality of your locks.